Opioid addiction symptoms include the desire and urge to use, continued use despite health or safety risks, and withdrawal symptoms when use ceases. Treatment options may include medications, talk therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy, or behavioral change programs such as cognitive behavioral therapy and behavior modification strategies.
Methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone are medications commonly used to treat opioid dependence, reduce withdrawal symptoms and cravings, and help prevent relapse.
Residential treatment programs (or rehabilitation centers) offer addicts a supportive community while receiving 24-hour medical supervision and attention from trained staff, which helps reduce risks associated with withdrawal from substances like alcohol and opioids. This type of care reduces risk.
Research has generally confirmed the efficacy of residential treatment; however, due to its intensive nature, it’s usually only available to those who can afford or leave work or home responsibilities to attend the program. This can be challenging for those recovering from opioid dependency who struggle with co-occurring mental health disorders.
Residential treatment programs often combine behavioral therapy, medications, and housing/meals into one package. They may resemble hospitals, while others resemble spas or luxury hotels. Programs are highly structured; patients participate in group and individual counseling sessions, educational classes, and etiquette lessons. Medication can help control symptoms of addiction, such as cravings for drugs, while at the same time alleviating withdrawal symptoms and preventing relapse.
Residential treatment programs often include inpatient detox, a medically assisted process designed to remove drugs from the body while managing withdrawal symptoms. Although withdrawal from opioids can be painful and even life-threatening, regular medical monitoring during detox ensures patient safety while helping reduce risks of relapse.
Inpatient treatment programs offer multiple forms of behavioral therapy and medications for opioid use disorder, including opioid-specific treatments like buprenorphine, methadone, and extended-release naltrexone. Medication may help ease withdrawal pains while blocking their effects on the brain – this, coupled with cognitive behavioral therapy, can significantly increase the chances of recovery success.
Outpatient treatment can provide less restrictive care to individuals seeking recovery from opioid dependency. Outpatient programs may occur at clinics, home visits, or outpatient facilities, and professionals may recommend various outpatient services. Most individuals entering this type of program first come through residential treatment centers before being assessed by professionals as needing this level of assistance.
Outpatient programs offer individuals seeking addiction treatment but do not require overnight stays at a rehabilitation facility an alternative solution. Within these programs, people live at home while traveling to a facility for scheduled treatment sessions that could last from several hours per week to multiple sessions every day.
Before enrolling in an outpatient program, individuals with opioid addiction should meet with a staff member to develop a personalized treatment plan. This should include information regarding drug or alcohol consumption, medical history, family issues, job-related concerns, mental health needs, and goals the treatment team will work toward achieving together.
Outpatient programs often provide various therapeutic services, from individual and group therapy, psychoeducational groups, men’s/women’s issues support groups, co-occurring disorders educational and process groups, and support/activities therapies.
Outpatient programs offer more than therapeutic services; they may also provide medical care and prescription medication such as Suboxone or naltrexone to reduce opioid cravings and alleviate withdrawal symptoms as directed by their doctors.
Outpatient programs may be an appropriate option for people willing and able to fully devote themselves to recovery efforts. They are usually more accessible than residential treatment centers for those without sufficient financial means. It is essential, however, to consider any safety risks involved with outpatient programs and ensure that those attending can handle daily life stressors without recourse to the protection offered by residential treatment facilities.
Outpatient treatment may be unsafe if someone has experienced delirium or withdrawal seizures. Instead, rehabilitation facilities typically recommend inpatient detox to stabilize their condition before outpatient therapy can safely proceed. Hospital-like settings tend to offer inpatient detox, though there may also be rehab facilities similar to spas or luxury hotels offering inpatient detox treatments that last 30 days or more depending on the program; some programs allow limited visitation from friends and family, while others prohibit any contact whatsoever.
Combining behavioral therapies and medications is the ideal treatment option for people struggling with opioid addiction. Medication such as methadone, buprenorphine, and Suboxone (a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone) can reduce cravings for opioids while helping prevent relapse; in addition, behavioral therapy can address any underlying causes for addiction, such as depression or trauma and can teach people coping skills they can use when faced with stressful situations such as work or family conflicts.
However, medication-assisted treatment (MAT) provides a more holistic solution by using medication alongside behavioral therapy for an “integrated approach” that addresses addiction issues related to opioids or prescription pain relievers containing opiates. MAT may be particularly effective for individuals struggling with opioid dependency.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy and group counseling can be invaluable tools in combatting opioid addiction, allowing patients to hear from others experiencing similar struggles and feeling less alone in their efforts. Cognitive-behavioral therapy teaches individuals ways to alter negative patterns of thinking that lead to drug use while providing them with tools they can use when they start experiencing cravings.
Residential and hospital-based treatments may also be helpful for those struggling with opioid addiction. These programs combine housing with treatment services and allow patients to live with others in similar situations. Such programs tend to be highly structured, offering several forms of counseling and behavioral therapy, motivational enhancement therapy, and contingency management (using incentives to promote positive behaviors).
If you are struggling with opioid addiction, speaking to your physician about treatment options should be your top priority. Addiction is a serious illness, and its effects can have severe ramifications for health, finances, and relationships; getting help early will allow for faster healing timeframes while avoiding potential roadblocks.
Behavioral therapy may provide relief if you or a loved one is addicted to prescription drugs like opioids. Prescription opioids alter parts of the brain that regulate mood and reward behavior, making it hard to stop taking the medication even when it causes problems in life. Treatment typically entails counseling sessions combined with medications; additionally, it may involve changing behaviors that lead up to drug abuse and addressing any underlying problems that lead to it.
Your treatment options for substance use disorders include receiving care at home, in a residential or hospital-based program; the option you select will depend on your needs and the required level of care. Residential and hospital-based programs combine housing with health care in one convenient place while offering more intensive treatment than outpatient programs – typically including individual and group therapy, training in relapse prevention, and vocational and educational support services.
Medication-assisted therapy (MAT) combines behavioral therapy and medications to treat opioid use disorder. Medication may reduce withdrawal symptoms, cravings, and pleasure produced by opioids while blocking their pleasure effects. There are various drugs available to treat opiate use disorder, including methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone; buprenorphine and methadone act on similar brain targets as other opioids but don’t cause highs like other opioids do; they come in pill form so they can be taken at home while naltrexone acts as an opioid antagonist which blocks their effects and blocks out the pleasure produced by other opioids altogether.
Behavioral therapy is a talk therapy designed to change negative behaviors and thoughts related to drug use. It may include cognitive-behavioral therapy to help you understand why you use drugs, and contingency management, which offers incentives for following through with treatment plans. Furthermore, family therapy or support groups may provide invaluable emotional support and make you feel less alone during times of struggle.
Consult with your physician regarding the appropriate options for treating opioid dependency, and inquire about getting naloxone, an overdose antidote available without prior prescription in most states.